MGT 5000 Midterm-Distinguish between Managerial Accounting and Financial Accounting

Question
Prepare answers to 8 of the following. You can use Excel. But, you should copy and pasteyour Excel work into this document for submission. Provide at least three references at the endof this document in APA format. When you have completed your work, save the file and use theANGEL email feature to submit it for grading. Do not submit more than one file.

1.Distinguish between Managerial Accounting and Financial Accounting. Find a job adfor each of these at a site such as Monster.com. Compare the job duties of each anddiscuss the similarities and differences between what the employers are looking for interms of relevant skills, duties, and or qualifications between these two type jobs.
2. Provide a short history of accounting.
3. Look up the annual reports for Ford and GM. Evaluate each companys liquidity,compare the two, and come up with a judgment regarding their current ability to meetshort term bills as they come due. Evaluate Ford and GM in terms of inventoryturnover, compare the two, and post a conclusion
4. Do some research on International Financial Reporting Standards. Where does thatundertaking stand today?
5. Look up the annual reports for Ford and GM who trade stock in a public stock exchangesuch as the NYSE. Evaluate each companys profitability (pg 414), compare the two,and come up with a value judgment regarding their current situation.
6. Look up the annual reports for Ford and GM who trade stock in a public stock exchangesuch as the NYSE. Prepare common size income statements for each, compare thetwo, and come up with a value judgment regarding their current situation. (These are apercentage analysis of the components of the statement)
7. Look up the annual reports for Ford and GM who trade stock in a public stock exchangesuch as the NYSE. Prepare common size balance sheets for each, compare the two,and come up with a value judgment regarding their current situation. For example, you
might point out one of them if it appears they are holding a lot more inventory as apercentage of total assets.
8. Discuss the optional methods that can be used for costing inventory (i.e. FIFO, LIFO,Average, Specific ID). Explain which inventory costing system you would use and why.What inventory costing method do GM and Ford use?9. Complete a financial analysis of Dollar General based on the financial reports you willfind for 2011. The analytical procedures you need to do are listed below. You shouldprovide an explanation of each ratio you compute along with your judgment regardingthe companys ratio. http://finance.yahoo.com/q/is?s=DG+Income+Statement&annual
A. Return on average total assets.____________B. Net profit margin (net income / Sales)._____________C. Working capital_____________D. Current ratio____________E. Acid test ratio.____________
10. Write a short report on one of the following:a. The ENRON scandal.b. Health Southc. World Comd. Tyco Fraud case.

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OPS MGMT-American International Automotive Industries (AIAI) manufactures auto and truck engine…

Question
American International Automotive Industries (AIAI) manufactures auto and truck engine,
transmission, and chassis parts for manufacturers and repair companies in the United States,
South America, Canada, Mexico, Asia, and Europe. The company transports to its foreign
markets by container ships. To serve its customers in South America and Asia, AIAI has large
warehouse/distribution centers. In Europe it ships into Hamburg and Gdansk, where it has
contracted with independent distribution companies to deliver its products to customers
throughout Europe. However, AIAI has been displeased with a recent history of late deliveries
and rough handling of its products. For a time AIAI was not overly concerned since its European
market wasn’t too big and its European customers didn’t complain. In addition, it had more
pressing supply chain problems elsewhere. In the past five years, since trade barriers have
fallen in Europe and Eastern European markets have opened up, its Europeans business has
expanded, as has new competition, and its customers have become more demanding and
quality conscious. As a result, AIAI has initiated the process to select a site for a new European
warehouse/distribution center. Although it provides parts to a number of smaller truck and auto
maintenance and service centers in Europe, it has seven major customersauto and truck
manufacturersin Vienna, Leipzig, Budapest, Prague, Krakow, Munich, and Frankfurt. Its
customers in Vienna and Budapest have adopted manufacturing processes requiring
continuous replenishment of parts and materials.
AIAI’s European headquarters is in Hamburg. The vice-president for construction and
development in Dayton, Ohio, has asked the Hamburg office to do a preliminary site search
based on location, geography, transportation, proximity to customers, and costs. The Hamburg
office has identified five potential sites in Dresden, Lodz, Hamburg, Gdansk, and Frankfurt. The
Hamburg office has forwarded information about each of these sites to corporate headquarters,
including forecasts of the number of containers shipped annually to each customer as follows:
Vienna, 160; Leipzig, 100; Budapest, 180; Prague, 210; Krakow, 90; Munich, 120; and
Frankfurt, 50. When the vice-president of construction in Dayton received this information, he
pulled out his map of Europe and began to study the sites.
Assist AIAI with its site selection process in Europe. Recommend a site form the five
possibilities, and indicate what other location factors you might consider in the selection
process.
Scenario: You are an independent consultant, hired by the Vice President of Construction,
American International Automotive Industries (AIAI). Conduct an appropriate quantitative
analysis and provide the vice president with a decision support paper addressing the
issues within the Case Problem.
Specific guidance: You are expected to use the quantitative analysis methods within this
module to arrive at conclusions and provide supported recommendations within your
formal paper. You should select appropriate graphical presentation methodologies to
present this material within the paper. Include all computation materials as appendices to
the completed report.

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POST MGT408 week 1 discussions

Question
.blackboard.com/webapps/blackboard/content/launchLink.jsp?course_id=_57874_1&content_id=_2324785_1&mode=view”>Unit 1 DB: Organizations and Effectiveness

Select one of the 4 questions from the Discussion Questions found on page 23 and respond to the question and discuss.

Discussion Question #1. How do organizations create value? What is the role of entrepreneurship in this process?

What is organizational effectiveness? Discuss three approaches to evaluating effectiveness and the problems associated with each approach.

What is the relationship among organizational theory, design, change, and organizational structure and culture?

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UMUC BMGT305 week 1 activities

Question
Select “Start New Thread” and answer one (1) of the following questions (each area of the question must be addressed):

· In your own words, define, “Knowledge Management.” How is your definition similar, or different, from those provided by Dalkir? In your own words, why is knowledge management important in today’s turbulent business environment?

· In your own words, what is a “Knowledge Cycle?” From those presented by Dalkir, select the knowledge cycle that is most appealing to you. Why did you select that particular cycle? Compare and contrast your selected cycle to one that you did not select (i.e. How are they similar? How are they different?).

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UMUC BMGT335 Changing Mindset Case Study

Question
This assignment has two parts.

In part 1, students will be provided a scenario that highlights the critical issues related to a corporate mindset versus that of a small business.

In part 2, students will read an article and provide a synopsis of the article as it relates to the learning organization.

Required Elements to include in the Changing Mindset Case Study:

· Using the template provided, students will answer the questions that follow the case study;

· Provide a synopsis (400-600 words) of the findings related to “Why aren’t we all working for learning organisations?e-Organisations and Peopleby J.Seddon and B. O’Donovan

Required Formatting of Paper:

This paper is to be written using double spaced, 12-point font, and four to six pages in length excluding the title page and reference page;
Title page with your name, the course name, the date, and instructor’s name;
Use headings;
Include references other than the textbook;
Write in the third person;
Use APA formatting for in-text citations and reference page. You are expected to paraphrase and not use quotes. Deductions will be taken when quotes are used and found to be unnecessary;
Submit the paper in the Assignment Folder.

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Staffing and Structuring

Order Description

Respond to the following questions in this discussion forum

What is the difference between line personnel and staff personnel?
Why are the two groups so often in conflict?
Do you think this would also be true in a virtual organization?
How would you minimize the conflict problem?
Would you rather have a line job or a staff job? Why?

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Jeanette Winterson’s The Passion, and Margaret Atwood’s Alias Grace

Order Description

TOPIC 1: In Jeanette Winterson’s The Passion, and Margaret Atwood’s Alias Grace, both authors play with narrative form and narrative perspective by offering multiple points-of-view within their novels. Sometimes this occurs in the use of multiple narrators, at other moments this occurs through the inclusion of alternate texts or forms into the novel (tangential stories, historical documents, etc.). Discuss one of the novels in terms of its manipulation of narrative form. How does these manipulations enhance the main themes or ideas expressed in the novel? What effect does the narrative form have on our understanding of the novel as a whole. As with the last essay prompt, this is a broad theme. You will need to focus your essay on a specific instance that occurs in the novel in addressing this topic.

TOPIC 2: One of the important aspects of postmodern historical fiction is its emphasis on viewing “history” from the perspective of the eccentric, misfit, or outcast figure often lost by the historical record. In Midnight’s Children, Saleem writers this about himself: “If I seem a little bizarre, remember the wild profusion of my inheritance . . . perhaps, if one wishes to remain an individual in the midst of the teeming multitudes, one must make oneself grotesque. Choosing one figure from ONE of the three novels we’ve read recently (The Passion, Alias Grace, Midnight’s Children), discuss the unique perspective offered by that character as a result of his or her “misfit” status in the world. As always, this is an intentionally broad topic to give you space to move in these novels.IMPORTANT!!-* You must narrow the focus of your essay to one or two specific instances in the text that best illustrates the character’s “misfit” or “outsider” status and the perspective he/she offers on history.

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Mathematics

1. (20 points) Black-Scholes Prices and Portfolio Greeks
Suppose that on December 1, 2017, the spot price of Amazon, Inc. (AMZN) stock is 1176.75 with an annualized
volatility of 21.38% and an annualized dividend yield of 0.00%. Suppose the risk free rate is 1.62%. Furthermore,
suppose that AMZN European options expiring on June 15, 2018 are available at strikes 1140.00, 1160.00,
1180.00, 1200.00 and 1220.00.
a) Use the Black-Scholes Formula to fill in the European-style option premiums (prices) in the chart below.
(Round your prices to 2 decimal places.)
Strike Call Price Put Price
1140.00
1160.00
1180.00
1200.00
1220.00
b) Suppose the following market prices are observed. Find the implied volatility for each option. (Express your
answers in percentage terms rounded to 2 decimal places.)
Strike Call Price Implied Vol Put Price Implied Vol
1140.00 115.03 73.20
1160.00 108.96 82.40
1180.00 96.09 91.76
1200.00 89.18 101.12
1220.00 77.80 112.45
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 2
1. (20 points) Black-Scholes Prices and Portfolio Greeks (continued)
c) List the option transactions from part a) (purchase or write, call or put, strikes) that would constitute a
straddle. Assume that the minimum quantity for purchase or sale is 100 options. Use K = 1180.00 as the ATM
strike.
d) Calculate the portfolio Greeks for this position. (Round your values to 4 decimal places.)
Sensitivity Value Unit
∆ per 1 $ increase in share price
Γ 0.5 per 1 $ change in share price squared
ν per 100 bps increase in volatility
Θ per 1 day decrease in time to expiration
ρ per 1 bp increase in risk-free rate
Ψ per 1 bp increase in dividend yield
e) Explain the signs for ν and Θ. Are they consistent with the market view associated with this trading strategy?
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 3
1. (20 points) Black-Scholes Prices and Portfolio Greeks (continued)
f) List the option transactions from part a) (purchase or write, call or put, strikes) that would constitute an bull
spread. Assume that the minimum quantity for purchase or sale is 100 options. Use K = 1180.00 as the ATM
strike and K = 1200.00 as the OTM strike.
g) Calculate the portfolio Greeks for this position. (Round your values to 4 decimal places.)
Sensitivity Value Unit
∆ per 1 $ increase in share price
Γ 0.5 per 1 $ change in share price squared
ν per 100 bps increase in volatility
Θ per 1 day decrease in time to expiration
ρ per 1 bp increase in risk-free rate
Ψ per 1 bp increase in dividend yield
h) Explain the signs for ∆ and ν. Are they consistent with the market view associated with this trading strategy?
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 4
2. (20 points) Currency Options
Suppose that on December 1, 2017, U.S. risk-free rate (yield) is 1.62% while the comparable yield on European
Central Bank (ECB) bonds is −0.54%. On that same day, the dollar to euro conversion rate is 1.1904 dollars per
euro and the annualized volatility in the dollar-euro exchange rate is 11.27%.
a) Calculate C$
(x, K, T) and the related Greek sensitivities for the following dollar denominated call on 1 euro
with strike K = 1.1900 expiring 06.08.2018. (Round your values to 4 decimal places.)
Sensitivity Value Unit
C$
(1.1904, 1.1900, 189 days)
∆ per 1 $ increase in dollars per euro
Γ 0.5 per 1 $ change in dollars per euro squared
ν per 100 bps increase in volatility
Θ per 1 day decrease in time to expiration
ρ per 1 bp increase in U.S. yield
Ψ per 1 bp increase in ECB yield
b) Calculate Pe

1
x
,
1
K
, T
and the related Greek sensitivities for the following euro denominated put on 1 dollar
with strike 1/K = 0.8403 expiring 06.08.2018. (Round your values to 4 decimal places.)
Sensitivity Value Unit
Pe(0.8401, 0.8403, 189 days)
∆ per 1 e increase in euros per dollar
Γ 0.5 per 1 e change in euros per dollar squared
ν per 100 bps increase in volatility
Θ per 1 day decrease in time to expiration
ρ per 1 bp increase in ECB yield
Ψ per 1 bp change in U.S. yield
c) Demonstrate that the currency option price scaling formula C$
(x, K, T) = xKPe

1
x
,
1
K
, T
holds.
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 5
3. (20 points) Bond Rates
Suppose the following par coupon rates for Treasury securities were observed. Suppose also that these coupons
are paid once per year at the end of each year.
Maturity Par Coupon
1 1.6200%
2 1.7800%
3 1.9000%
5 2.1400%
7 2.3100%
10 2.4200%
a) Use the bootstrapping method to calculate the zero coupon price and zero coupon yield for each maturity.
(For zero coupon yields, express your answers in percentage terms rounded to 4 decimal places. For zero coupon
prices, express your answer in unit terms, par = 1.0000, rounded to 6 decimal places.)
Maturity Par Coupon Zero Coupon Price Zero Coupon Yield
1 1.6200%
2 1.7800%
3 1.9000%
4 2.0332%
5 2.1400%
6 2.2428%
7 2.3100%
8 2.3916%
9 2.4402%
10 2.4200%
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 6
3. (20 points) Bond Rates (continued)
b) Use your results in a) to calculate implied 1-year rates for year 1 to year 2, year 2 to year 3, …, year 9 to year
10. (Express your answers in percentage terms rounded to 4 decimal places.)
r0(t1, t2) Implied Forward 1-Year Rate
r0(0, 1)
r0(1, 2)
r0(2, 3)
r0(3, 4)
r0(4, 5)
r0(5, 6)
r0(6, 7)
r0(7, 8)
r0(8, 9)
r0(9, 10)
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 7
4. (20 points) Duration and Convexity
Consider a $10,000 5-year Treasury note that pays semi-annual interest and returns principal at maturity.
Suppose the bond’s annual coupon rate is 2.14% and that the market yield is y = 2.14% as well.
a) Calculate the bond values B(y), B(y − ∆y) and B(y + ∆y) where ∆y = 25 bps. (Round your answers to the
nearest cent.)
Bond Value
B(y)
B(y − ∆y)
B(y + ∆y)
b) Calculate Macaulay duration DMac, modified duration DMod and convexity Conv for this bond when
y = 2.14%. (Round your answers to 4 decimal places.)
Value
DMac
DMod
Conv
c) Demonstrate how DMod and Conv can be used to estimate B(y − ∆y) and B(y + ∆y).
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 8
5. (20 points) Eurodollar Futures and Swap Rates
On the Question 5 tab of the final exam template, you will find Eurodollar futures prices for 12.01.2017. Find the
swap rate for each maturity on the template. Provide these rates for the maturities listed below. (Express your
answers in percentage terms rounded to 4 decimal places.)
Maturity (years) Swap Rate
1
2
3
5
7
10
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 9
6. (20 points) Exotic Options
a) A standard European-style call option has exercise value ST − K if ST > K. Exercise is not required even if
ST > K.
Consider a non-standard European-style call option with exercise value ST − K1 if ST > K2 where K1 6= K2.
Furthermore, assume this option must be exercised if ST > K2. Adapt the Black-Scholes formula to price this
option as C(S, K1, K2, σ, r, T, δ). Provide the main formula and formulas for d1 and d2.
b) Suppose K1 > K2. What option pricing constraint must be relaxed to accommodate this option?
Math 4355/7355, Fall 2017 – Final Exam 10
6. (20 points) Exotic Options (continued)
c) A standard European-style call option gives the option purchaser the right to exchange K dollars in cash for 1
share of stock valued at ST if ST > K.
Consider a non-standard European-style call option which gives the option purchaser the right to exchange 1
share of some other stock valued at RT for 1 share of stock valued at ST if ST > RT . (In this simplified example,
we assume that S0 = R0 at t = 0.) Adapt the Black-Scholes formula to price this option as C(S, R, σS,R, δR, T, δS).
Provide the main formula and formulas for d1 and d2.
d) Suppose σS is the volatility of the first stock, σR is the volatility of the second stock and ρ is the correlation
between the two stock prices over time. How should σS,R be calculated?

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